LANGUAGE UNIVERSALS AND UNIVERSAL INPUT CONDITIONS (SIUSANA KWELDJU)

Maulizan ZA

Abstract


This essay discusses about human language, human have the common system in their language. The same system of the languages is called as Language Universals. it can be assumed that Language Universals or known as Linguistic Universals is a pattern that occurs systematically across natural languages.

 

Key Words: Language, Input and Condition

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Berent, G.P Markedness considerations in the acquisition of conditional sentences language learning. 1997. 35 (1), 337-372

Chomsky. N. Rules and Presentation. Oxford: basil Blackwell, 1980

Connors. K. Morphological markedness in second language acquisition. Iral. 1988. 26 (2). 101-113

Eckman. FR. Markedness and the contrastive analysisbhypothesis language learning. 1997. 27 (2). 327-344

Gass. S. language transfer and universal grammatical relations language learning 1979. 29. 327-344

Gass. S. & Ard. J. second language acquisition and the ontology of language universals. In W.E. Rutherford (Ed). Language universals and second language acquisition. Amsterdam; John Benjamin Publishing company.1984

Koster. J. Conditions. Empty noted and markedness. Linguistic inquiry.1978. 9. 551-594

Kweldju. S. introspeksi pembelajar bahasa kedua: sebuah studi kasus-hipotesis analisis kontrastif, atau hipotesis konstruktif kreatif. Forum penelitian. 1989. 2. Forthcoming


Article Metrics

Abstract views: 102   PDF views: 59