GEEJ has moved to a new address at ejournal.bbg.ac.id/geej

THE USE OF DIRECT STRATEGIES IN READING COMPREHENSION (A Descriptive Study at Senior High School Al-Falah Abu Lam U Aceh Besar)

Rusmiati Rusmiati, Kamalina Kamalina

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to know the direct strategies used by students in reading comprehension at SMA Islam Al-Falah Abu Lam U. The subject of this research is the first grade students of XI 1 at SMA Islam Al-Falah Abu Lam U. Descriptive qualitative method is used to describe the strategies used by students in reading comprehension. The data of this research were obtained by using observation, questionnaire and interview. They are analyzed by using a descriptive explanation. The result show that the students at SMA Islam Al-Falah Abu Lam U used many cognitive strategies in reading comprehension, such as word by word translation, meaningful translation, use dictionary, underlying of keyword and many others. The use of these strategies is to help students in reading comprehension, namely to comprehend the text easily and rapidly. The cognitive strategies that frequently used by students were; using dictionary (resourcing), translated word by word (repetition), reading the title and imagines what the text might be about (summarizing), and reading with comprehend every paragraph to understand whole text (deduction).

 Keywords: Direct Strategies and Reading Comprehension


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alderson. J. C. 2000. Assessing Reading. Techniques for Testing Reading (pp

-270). Cambridge University Press.

Anne Ratna S, 2014, (oxford, 1990). The Use of Cognitive Reading Strategies to

Enhance EFL Students’ Reading Comprehension. Vol. 2, No. 1. P.1

Arikunto, S. (1996). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendidikan Praktek. Jakarta: PT .

Rineka Cipta.

Arikunto, S. (1998). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: PT Asdi Mahasatya.

Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: PT Asdi Mahasatya.

Arikunto, S. (2010). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta, PT Asdi Mahasatya.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Razavieh, A., & Sorensen, C. (2006). Introduction to Research in Education. (7th ed.). Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Bamfard, Julian & Richard R,Day .(2004). Extensive Reading Activities for Teaching Language: Cambridge University Press

Brown, H. Douglas. (2001). Teaching by principle: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy.2nd ed. San Fransisco:Longman.

Cambrooke, Kyla Chele (2010), Tips on Note Taking from Textbooks, Available at http://www.ehow.com/list_6548642_tips-taking-textbooks.html.

Cooper, J. David. (2000). Literacy Helping Children Construct Meaning. Boston: Houton Miffin.

Dreyer,C., & Nel, C. (2003). Teaching reading strategies and reading comprehension within a technology enhanced learning environment. System, 31, 349–365

Ellen K. Closs jurnal (Pardo, 2004). Teaching Reading Comprehension to Struggling and At-Risk Readers: Strategies That Work. Michigan.

Frase, Lisa (2008), Reading Strategies Good Readers Use, An article published at http://ezinearticles.com/?Reading-Strategies-Good-Readers- Use&id=1824654.

Frechtling et al. (1997). User-Friendly Handbook for Miexed Method Evaluations. New York: NSF Program Offices Conrad Katzenmeyer.

Gardon. 2007. Technique and Principle in Language Use and Language Learning. London: Oxford University Press.

Glending, E., H & Holmstrom. (2004). Reading: A Course In Reading Skill for Academic

Purposes: Cambrigde University Press.

Grellet, F. (1986). Developing Reading Skill. A Practical Guide to Reading Comprehension

Exercise. London: Cambrigde University Press.

Gulcat, Zeliha (2007), Summarizing, Available at http://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/summarizing/summarizing.htm.

Hancock, Ophelia H (1995). Reading Skill for College Students. 3rd.

Harmer, J. 1991. The Practice of English Language Teaching. Longman Handbook for

Language Teacher. London and New York: New Edition.

Huberman & Miles. (1984). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook of New Methods. New

Burry Park : SAGE Publication.

Jones and bartlett , 2005. Jones and bartlett learning LCC. Newyork

Kai-lin yang, 2012. (Alexander & Judy, 1988; Pereira-Laird & Deane, 1997). Structures of

Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategy Use for Reading Comprehension of Geometry Proof. Page 308-326.

Kai-lin yang, 2012. (Anastasiou & Griva, 2009; Sheorey & Mokhtari, 2001) Structures of

Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategy Use for Reading Comprehension of Geometry Proof. Page 308-326.

Kai-lin yang, 2012. (Johnston 1983). Structures of Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategy

Use for Reading Comprehension of Geometry Proof. p. 308-326.

Kai-lin yang. 2012. Structures of Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategy Use for Reading

Comprehension of Geometry Proof. p. 308-326.

Kustaryo, S. (1998). Reading Technique for College Students, Jakarta: Depdikbud Dirjen Dikti P2

LPTK.

Kustaryo, S., & Mc. Taggart, R. 1988. Reading Techniques for College Students. Jakarta:

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Lems, K, Miller, L.D, & Soro, T.M (2010). Teaching Reading to English Language

Learners. New York: A Division of Guilford Publications, Inc.

Lilian, L, M., & Virsil G. 1981. Creative Communication (Teaching the Language Art). Toronto.

McGraw Hill Pearson Limited. 62.

Nation, Kate. 2004. Children’s Reading Comprehension Difficulties Reading Fluency. Scientific

Studies of Reading, 5(3), 203–210.

Moleong, J Lexy. (2007), Methodology Penelitian Qualitative. Bandung: PT Remana Rosdakarya.

O'Malley, J&Chamot, A (1990), Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition,

Cambridge University Press, New York.

Oxford, R L (1990), Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know, Newbury

House Publishers, New York.

Pressley, Michael, (2000), A Focus on Reading Comprehension Strategy

Instruction,Availableathttp://www.readingonline.org/articles/handbook/pres sley/index.html.

R. Day, Richard & Julian Bamfard. (1998). Extensive Reading in the Second Language

Classroom: Cambridge University Press.

Sahin, Ayfer, 2013, (pardo, 2004). The effect of text types on Reading Comprehension. Mevlana

Internasional Journal of Education (MIJE), 3(2), pp. 58.

Sahin, Ayfer, 2013 (Torgesen, Rashotte, Alexander, Alexander and MacPhee, 2003). The effect

of text types on Reading Comprehension. Mevlana International Journal of Education (MIJE), 3(2), pp. 58. Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta. Sugiyono. (2011). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suwarno., & Wiryodijiyo. 1989. Membaca: Strategi Pengantar dan Tekniknya. Jakarta: Proyek

Pengembangan Lembaga Pendiddikan Tenaga Kependidikan. 57.

Suzane I. Barchers, Teaching Reading Process to Practise, (New York: Wadsworth Publishing

Company, 1998), p. 14.

The National Reading Panel Report [NICHD], 2000. A Closer Look at the Five Essential

Components of Effective Reading Instruction: A Review of Scientifically Based Reading Research for Teachers. p. 1.

Westwood, Peter. (2001). Reading and Learning Difficulties: Approaches to Teaching and

Assessment. Victoria: BPA Printed Group.

Yai-li lai, yu-jung tung, shu –ying luo, 2008. Theory of reading strategies and its applicantion by

EFL learners : reflections and two case studies. p. 153-165.


Article Metrics

Abstract views: 481   PDF views: 163